MSS SP-114 Heavy Pattern Fittings vs Light Pattern Fittings

Stainless Steel Fittings – Heavy Pattern vs Light Pattern

Stainless steel fittings were originally manufactured to the same dimensions and wall thicknesses as iron fittings and the ANSI B16.3 standard. Later the MSS SP-114 standard was written for Class 150 stainless steel fittings, which was based on ANSI B16.3 dimensions. Today there are serval different patterns that vary in dimensions, wall thickness and weight. Stainless steel fittings to MSS SP-114 specification are to be used when ASME B31 piping code is required. When compared it is easy to see that the lighter pattern fittings are not the same in quality and should be used in limited applications since they do not fully comply with ASTM A351.

This table summarises the differences between the standards:

Heavy Pattern MSS-SP-114 Light Pattern
Rating Class 150 150 PSI
Applications Industrial Processes Residential and non-critical plumbing
Material Grades Available in 304 and 316 Available in 304 and 316
Dimensions Heavy duty wall thickness and larger diameter Significantly less material with thinner wall
Benefit / Value Long lasting, better erosion protection Costs less
CRN Registered Yes No
Temp (⁰F) Class 150
(Castings) PSIG
-20 to 150 300
200 265
250 225
300 185
350 150(a)

The pressure rating for the MSS SP fittings is 300 psi @ 150 ⁰F and is identical to class 150 malleable fittings. As the process temperature increases, the pressure rating decreases.

Note: (a) Permissible for service temperature up to 366 ⁰F, reflecting the temperature of saturated steam at 150 psig.

MSS SP-114 Heavy Pattern

Light Pattern

Organizations & Standards

  • ASTM – American Society for Testing and Materials
  • ANSI – American National Standards Institute
  • ISO – International Organization for Standardization
  • MSS – Manufacturers Standardization Society
    • Further built upon the standards written by ASTM, ANSI, and ISO with more detailed requirements.
  • ASME – American Society of Mechanical Engineers
    • Standards are derived and compiled from the standards released by all four organizations.
  • CRN – Canadian Registration Number
  • ANSI / ASME B1.20.1 – defines the thread dimensions and tolerances.

Stainless steel fittings are built to a variety of specifications and are not all the same.

Please consult with one of our product specialists if you’re unsure of the fittings you require.

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